How to read DBF to Datatable

OleDbConnection oConn = new OleDbConnection(@"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0; Data Source=C:\Temp;Extended Properties=dBase III");
OleDbCommand command = new OleDbCommand("SELECT * FROM Test.DBF", oConn);
DataTable dt = new DataTable();

SQL SERVER – Installation Failure Database engine services failed.

Sometimes when we install SQL Server or Add any new SQL Server Instance on Windows Machine, we can see the database errors listed below.
To resolve these errors we are trying to repair existing installation or do something else.
If nothing happens then we are trying to install it completely from control panel, but it is not 100% sure that the fresh new installation will works. Some of the SQL Server links existing at system registry so we are not able to get it success.

Installation error list
Installation error
Installation error list
Installation error list

To resolve these registry things we can un-install all SQL server related things by theirs ID.

The ID we can get using “WMIC” command. So run this command on console:

WMIC PRODUCT Where "Caption like '%SQL%'" GET Caption, IdentifyingNumber
WMIC Result
WMIC Result

You will get a list of objects with their identifier.

Now un-install these all things one by one using below command:

msiexec /x {GUID}


msiexec /x {ABB6AC00-F1D8-4EBF-8128-830D090B76C0}


I think after that restart the machine and try fresh installation, will works.

Import CSV using “Microsoft Access Database Engine 2010” to SQL Server

sp_configure 'Ad Hoc Distributed Queries', 1
reconfigure with override


EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'del C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo [Test.txt] > C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo ColNameHeader=True >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo Format=Delimited(^|) >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo MaxScanRows=50 >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo CharacterSet=OEM >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo Col1=ID TEXT >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo Col2=LastName TEXT >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo Col3=FirstName TEXT >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo Col4=MiddleName TEXT >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo Col5=MailingAddressLine1 TEXT >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo Col6=MailingAddressline2 TEXT >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo Col7=MailingAddressCity TEXT >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo Col8=MailingAddressState TEXT >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'echo Col9=MailingAddressZIP TEXT >> C:\Temp\Schema.ini'

EXEC ('INSERT INTO ImportTest (ID,LastName, FirstName,MiddleName, MailingAddressLine1,MailingAddressline2,MailingAddressCity, MailingAddressState,MailingAddressZIP)
SELECT ID,LastName, FirstName,MiddleName, MailingAddressLine1,MailingAddressline2,MailingAddressCity, MailingAddressState,MailingAddressZIP
FROM OPENROWSET(''Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0'',''Text;Database=C:\Temp\;HDR=YES'',''select * from person.txt'')
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'del C:\Temp\Schema.ini'

How to Backup Microsoft SQL Server (MSSQL) Databases

--1. Variable declaration

DECLARE @filename VARCHAR(256)
-- 2. Setting the backup path

SET @path = 'X:\MSSQLDB\Backup\'  

SELECT name 
FROM master.dbo.sysdatabases 
WHERE name NOT IN ('master','model','msdb','tempdb')  -- ignore system databases

--3. Initializing cursor operations

OPEN db_cursor   
FETCH NEXT FROM db_cursor INTO @name   


  -- 4. Defining the filename
    SET @fileName = @path + @name + '.BAK'  
    BACKUP DATABASE @name TO DISK = @fileName 

    FETCH NEXT FROM db_cursor INTO @name   
CLOSE db_cursor   
DEALLOCATE db_cursor


How to Create Multiple SQL Server Instances on Same Server

When you install SQL Server, the installation creates an instance (DEFAULT OR SQLEXPRESS) of SQL Server. In my case I have created instanace named DEVSQL.

Some times we do need to create multiple instances based on requirements. To create more instances, start the setup again. The following screen appears when setup starts for the SQL Server 2012.

Click “New SQL Server stand-alone installation or add features to an existing installation”, the following screen appears:

Installation Start

As you can see DEVSQL instance already exists, it was created by the first installation, now select “New installation or add shared features”. Then click Next and accept the License Agreement.

Then select features you want to install for the new instance.

After that the installation offer you to specify the name of your new instance (MYTEST was chosen in this example):

Click Next to create the new instance and perform the remaining setup steps.

Now you are done!


SQL Server – List all the Constraints by Table or by Column Name

List all Constraints of the Database:

SELECT OBJECT_NAME(object_id) AS ConstraintName,
SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS SchemaName,
type_desc AS ConstraintType
FROM sys.objects

List Constraints  on table column:

 Select SysObjects.[Name] As [Contraint Name] ,Tab.[Name] as [Table Name],Col.[Name] As [Column Name]
From SysObjects Inner Join (Select [Name],[ID] From SysObjects Where XType = 'U') As Tab
On Tab.[ID] = Sysobjects.[Parent_Obj]
Inner Join sysconstraints On sysconstraints.Constid = Sysobjects.[ID]
Inner Join SysColumns Col On Col.[ColID] = sysconstraints.[ColID] And Col.[ID] = Tab.[ID]
WHERE Tab.[Name] ='Employee' AND Col.[Name]='DOB'
order by Col.[Name]

SQL Server 2016 Always Encrypted Timeout at IIS

Always Encrypted is a feature designed by the Microsoft in SQL Server 2016 to protect sensitive data, such as credit card numbers or national identification numbers (SSN). It allows clients to encrypt sensitive data inside client applications.

When you work with Always Encrypted in development environment, it will be works fine because it requires certificate keys, which will be already installed on Dev machine. But when you moved to production environment it will not work. The Certificate needs to install on that server to run the web application. Without it encryption will not work. You will get database timed out error or encryption error while run the application.

For example:
Execution Timeout Expired.  The timeout period elapsed prior to completion of the operation or the server is not responding.

To resolve this error, you need to install the certificate on the server for specific user. After that you have to defined, selected user in application pool advanced properties. Which user you need to enabled the “Load user profile” property too under “Process Model”.