.NET Framework overview and version history

The .NET framework is a Microsoft robust technology that support to build and run next generation of applications on desktop and mobiles devices. This consist of the common language runtime (CLR) and framework class library.
The CLR is the foundation of the .NET framework, it provides core services like memory management, process management, threads management, remoting, code accuracy, code safety, compilation, security of data and robustness and other system services.
The class library is an object oriented collection of reusable types that we can use to develop user friendly, command line application using windows or web forms.

.NET framework can be install on any Microsoft windows OS i.e. Windows XP and later OS. It also requires minimum configuration which is available globally.
Processor 1GHz, RAM 512 MB, Minimum free HDD space 5GB.

The following table shows version history and correlates each version with visual studio, operating system. Each new version retain features from the previous version. With .NET Framework CLR also have its own version numbers. All the details described in the table describe below.

.Net Version Released Date CLR Version Features Visual Studio Supported Operating Systems
4.6.1 ?2015-11-17 ?4.0

Support for X509 certificates containing ECDSA

Always Encrypted support for hardware protected keys in ADO.NET

Spell checking improvements in WPF

?2015 Update 1 ?7,8,8.1, 10, Server 2008, 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2
4.6 ?2015-07-20 ?4.0

Compilation using .NET Native

Introduced RyuJIT, a new JIT compiler for 64-bit systems

Introduced Open Source .Net Framework Packages

Support for Code page encodings

Improvements to event tracing

?2015 ?7,8,8.1, 10, Server 2008, 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2
4.5.2 ?2014-05-05 ?4.0

New APIs for transactional systems and ASP.NETSystem DPI resizing in Windows Forms controls

Profiling improvements

ETW and stress logging improvements

?- ?7,8,8.1, 10, Server 2008, 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2
4.5.1 ?2013-10-17 ?4.0

?Additional performance improvements

Support for automatic binding redirection

Expanded support for Store apps

?2013 ?7,8,8.1, 10, Server 2008, 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2
4.5 ?2012-08-15 ?4.0

Support Windows Store apps

More updates in WCF, WPF

Asynchronous file operation

Improvement in parallel computing

?2012 ?7,8,8.1, 10, Server 2008, 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2
4.0 ?2010-04-12 ?4.0

Parallel Computing

Networking

Cross Platform development

Code Contracts

Background garbage collection

?2010 ?7,8,8.1, 10, Server 2008, 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2
3.5 ?2007-11-19 ?2.0

AJAX Support

LINQ
Dynamic Data

?2008 ?7,8,8.1, 10, Server 2008, 2008 R2
3.0 ?2006-11-06 ?2.0

WCF

WPF

Card Space

?Added Blend ?Vista, Server 2008, 2008 R2
2.0 ?2005-11-07 ?2.0

64bit Support

ACL Support

Remoting

Generics Classes

FTP Support

?2005 ?XP, Server 2003, 2008, 2008 R2
1.1 ?2003-04-24 ?1.1

?.NET Compact Framework

ADO.NET and .NET Framework security
More updates in asp.net

?2003 ?XP , Server 2003
1.0 ?2002-02-13 ?1.0 Initial version of the .NET Framework ?Visual Studio .NET ?XP

How to Signed the Jar/Exe

To signed the jar or exe of your application you need to purchase Signing Certificates from any of providers. Signing Certificates are issued by Internet organizations called Certificate Authority. There are many such organizations, i.e. : verisign, comodo.

These providers send you pvk and spc file for signing files. You can use SignTool, SignCode and JarSigner utility to signed data.

Steps for Signed :

Convert the pvk and spc files to pfx format.

pvk2pfx -pvk lmenaria.pvk -pi [Password1] -spc lmenaria.spc -pfx lmenaria.pfx -po [Password2] -f

1. Now Signed the Exe file using SignTool.exe:

signtool.exe sign /f lmenaria.pfx /p [Password] /v /t http://timestamp.comodoca.com/authenticode MyApplication.exe

2. Now Verify the Exe with ChkTrust.exe:

chktrust.exe /q /v MyApplication.exe

If you want to Sign the jar then you need to use JarSigner Utility:

Sigining : jarsigner -storetype pkcs12 -keystore lmenaria.pfx -storepass []Password] MyApplication.jar